London Theatre History and Timeline Elizabeth I's reign Elizabeth I was known for her cultivation of British drama and literature, most notably the works of William Shakespeare.
Koodiyattam Koothu is an ancient form of performing art that originated in early Tamilakam. The earliest-surviving fragments of Sanskrit drama date from the 1st century AD. The Treatise is the most complete work of dramaturgy in the ancient world.
It addresses actingdancemusicdramatic constructionarchitecturecostumingmake-uppropsthe organisation of companies, the audience, competitions, and offers a mythological account of the origin of theatre.
Sanskrit theatre was performed on sacred ground by priests who had been trained in the necessary skills dance, music, and recitation in a [hereditary process]. Its aim was both to educate and to entertain. Performer playing Sugriva in the Koodiyattam form of Sanskrit theatre.
Under the patronage of royal courts, performers belonged to professional companies that were directed by a stage manager sutradharawho may also have acted.
Certain sentiments were considered inappropriate for men to enact, however, and were thought better suited to women. Some performers played characters their own age, while others played ages different from their own whether younger or older. Of all the elements of theatre, the Treatise gives most attention to acting abhinayawhich consists of two styles: Actors may have specialised in a particular type.
The last was inspired by a story in the Mahabharata and is the most famous. It was the first to be translated into English and German. He is said to have written the following three plays: Malati-Madhava, Mahaviracharita and Uttar Ramacharita. Among these three, the last two cover between them the entire epic of Ramayana.
The powerful Indian emperor Harsha — is credited with having written three plays: This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. There are references to theatrical entertainments in China as early as the Shang Dynasty ; they often involved happiness, mimes, and acrobatic displays.
During this era, Ming Huang formed an acting school known as The Pear Garden to produce a form of drama that was primarily musical. That is why actors are commonly called "Children of the Pear Garden. There were two distinct forms of shadow puppetry, Pekingese northern and Cantonese southern.
The two styles were differentiated by the method of making the puppets and the positioning of the rods on the puppetsas opposed to the type of play performed by the puppets.
Both styles generally performed plays depicting great adventure and fantasy, rarely was this very stylized form of theatre used for political propaganda.
Cantonese shadow puppets were the larger of the two. They were built using thick leather which created more substantial shadows. Symbolic color was also very prevalent; a black face represented honesty, a red one bravery. Thus, they were not seen by the audience when the shadow was created.
Pekingese puppets were more delicate and smaller. They were created out of thin, translucent leather usually taken from the belly of a donkey. They were painted with vibrant paints, thus they cast a very colorful shadow.
The thin rods which controlled their movements were attached to a leather collar at the neck of the puppet. The rods ran parallel to the bodies of the puppet then turned at a ninety degree angle to connect to the neck. While these rods were visible when the shadow was cast, they laid outside the shadow of the puppet; thus they did not interfere with the appearance of the figure.
The rods attached at the necks to facilitate the use of multiple heads with one body. When the heads were not being used, they were stored in a muslin book or fabric lined box.
The heads were always removed at night. This was in keeping with the old superstition that if left intact, the puppets would come to life at night.
Some puppeteers went so far as to store the heads in one book and the bodies in another, to further reduce the possibility of reanimating puppets. Shadow puppetry is said to have reached its highest point of artistic development in the eleventh century before becoming a tool of the government.On March 30, Alvin Ailey and a group of young, black modern dancers perform for the first time as members of Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater at New York’s 92nd Street YM-YWHA.
1. Timeline of Greek Drama. Although the origins of Greek Tragedy and Comedy are obscure and controversial, our ancient sources allow us to construct a rough .
Benjamín Albornoz L.-UAH Student Theatre History Timeline BC - AD Classical Period - AD Medieval Period - AD Renaissance Period - AD Restoration & Baroque - AD Romanticism Greek Theatre Moral & Catholic approach Liturgical Drama Development of.
History of Theatre - Glencoe. Anchorage Timeline. Anchorage Timeline. Preferred citation: Anchorage Timeline, Cook Inlet Historical Society, Legends & Legacies, Anchorage, , http://www.
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