Words and production of meaning 2:
The name Vietnam originated in when envoys from the newly founded Nguyen dynasty traveled to Beijing to establish diplomatic relations with the Chinese court.
The new emperor had chosen the name Nam Viet for his kingdom. The word Viet he derived from the traditional name for the Vietnamese imperial domain and its people in what is now northern and central Vietnam. Nam south had been added to acknowledge the expansion of the dynasty's domain into lands to the south.
The Chinese objected to this new name because it was the same as an ancient state that had rebelled against Chinese rule. They therefore changed it to Viet Nam.
Vietnamese officials resented the change and it did not attain public acceptance until the late s. The story of the origin of Vietnam's name captures several prominent themes that have run throughout the nation's history.
As the usage of Viet indicates, the Vietnamese have for centuries had a sense of the distinctiveness of their society and culture.
However, as the inclusion of Nam shows, the land they inhabit has expanded over time, and also has its own internal divisions into northern, central, and southern regions. Additionally, as evidenced by the name change, their history has been The cultural dimensions of the vietnamese influenced by their contact with other, often more powerful, groups.
Vietnam today stands at a crossroads. It has been at peace for over a decade, but since the introduction of the "Renovation" or Doi Moi policy that began dismantling the country's socialist economy in favor of a market economy, the country has experienced tremendous social changes.
Some have been positive, such as a general rise in the standard of living, but others have not, such as increased corruption, social inequality, regional tensions, and an HIV-AIDS epidemic.
The Communist Party still exercises exclusive control over political life, but the question of whether Vietnam will continue its socio-economic development in a climate of peace and stability remains uncertain at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
Vietnam occupies approximatelysquare milessquare kilometersan area roughly equivalent to New Mexico, and is situated between 8 and 24 degrees latitude and and degrees longitude.
It borders China in the north, Laos in the northeast and center, and Cambodia in the southwest. Its 2, miles 3, kilometers of coastline run from its border with Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand along the South China Sea to its border with China. The delineation of Vietnam's borders has been a focus of dispute in the post— period, notably the ownership disputes with China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Malaysia over the Spratly Islands; and with China and Taiwan over the Paracel Islands.
Recent progress has been made settling land border disputes with China and Cambodia. Hanoi, the site of the former capital of one of the country's earliest dynasties, has been the capital of the unified Vietnam since Vietnam contains a wide-variety of agro-economic zones.
The river deltas of Vietnam's two great rivers, the Red River in the north and the Mekong in the south, dominate those two regions.
Both deltas feature irrigated rice agriculture that depends on the annual monsoons and river water that is distributed through immense and complicated irrigation systems.
Irrigated rice agriculture is also practiced in numerous smaller river deltas and plains along the country's coast. Vietnam's western Vietnam salient is defined by the mountainous Annamite Cordillera that is home to most of the country's fifty-four ethnic groups. Many of these groups have their own individual adaptations to their environments.
Their practices include hunting and gathering, slash and burn agriculture, and some irrigated rice agriculture. The combination of warfare, land shortages, population surpluses, illegal logging, and the migration of lowlanders to highland areas has resulted in deforestation and environmental degradation in many mountainous areas.
The country is largely lush and tropical, though the temperature in the northern mountains can cool to near freezing in the winter and the central regions often experience droughts. The current population is approximately seventy-seven million composed almost exclusively of indigenous peoples.
The largest group is the ethnic Vietnamese Kinhwho comprise over 85 percent of the population. Other significant ethnic groups include the Cham, Chinese, Hmong, Khmer, Muong, and Tai, though none of these groups has a population over one million.
Expatriates of many nationalities reside in urban areas. The country's two largest population centers are Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, but over 75 percent of the population lives in rural areas.The Vietnamese were one of the first Asian populations allowed Australian permanent residence in mass after the abolition of the White Australia policy.
Thus, they are one of the most well-established migrant populations in Australia. A cultural arts destination in Alameda for theater, art, classes, live music & performances. Rhythmix brings the world to you. This newsletter introduces our community of readers to some of the basic concepts behind the traditional medicines and healing practices of Asian cultures.
Cultural Orientation. We have developed a number of resources to help guide resettlement agencies in their provision of cultural orientation to newly arrived refugees and immigrants. The Cultural Dimensions of the Vietnamese Private Entrepreneurship 55 growth by taking up opportunities, creating business and fostering innovation.
Admitted to the hospital complaining of difficulty breathing and swallowing, a Vietnamese man was diagnosed with reflux disease and an outpouching of the esophagus. The patient was anxious and repeatedly stated that he was.