Woolsthorpe, England, 25 December ; d. London, England, 20 March mathematics, dynamics, celestial mechanicsastronomy, optics, natural philosophy. Isaac Newton was born a posthumous child, his father having been buried the preceding 6 October. Newton was descended from yeomen on both sides:
May 20 - The armada leaves Lisbon comprised of 20 great galleons,44 armed merchant ships, 23 transports, 35 smaller vessels, 4 galleasses,and 4 galleys. July 19 - Armada sited off the coast of Lizard Head July 20 - Lord Howard of Effingham, commander of the Englishforces, sets sail with from Plymouth 34 ships under his command, joinedby 34 under Drake's command, a London squadron of 30 ships, and an additional30 ships under Lord Henry Seymour.
July 21 - Spanish lose one ship in engagements off Plymouth July 23 - No losses on either side as a result of this all daybattle July 25 - Battle of Dorset.
The English are able to replenishtheir ammunition while the Spanish are not. Spanish head for Calis to replenishstocks and pick up troops. July - Armada anchored off Calis, but unable to obtainsupplies due to the blockade of Bruges by the Dutch fleet under the commandof Justinian of Nassau.
July 28 - English send fire ships into the Spanish fleet, whichresponds by cutting anchor and traveling up the coast while suffering heavylosses from English long range fire.
July - Unfavorable winds keep Spanish fleet from landinganywhere in the Low Countries. Sedina Sidonia decides to return to Spainby sailing up through the North Sea. August 2 - English fleet breaks off its pursuit of the Armadaand returns to its home ports. August-September - The armada suffers heavy losses as it makesits way back to Spaindue to storms, starvation, and thirst.
English victory Irish-Spanish troops defeated at the Battle of Kinsale. O'Neil surrenders and is pardoned by James I. This army collapses in due to a lack of training andsupplies.
May - The Petition of Right listing of parliamentarygrievances against the king.Published: Mon, 5 Dec The aim of this essay is to answer the long-awaited question about one of the most controversial personalities in England’s history.
English Civil War In , King Charles I and the elected Parliament of England went to war over the future of the Stuart kingdom.
Over the next nine years three Civil Wars would be fought, devastating the populations of England, Scotland and Ireland and claiming a death toll of an estimated , people, including King Charles I himself.
English Civil War Uploaded by Grand_Pooba on Dec 03, INTRODUCTION , the year civil war broke out between the two huge powers of Parliament and the Monarch.
King Charles the 1st was later to be the first Monarch of England who was executed on charge of treason.
These essays are not intended to replace library research. They are here to show you what others think about a given subject, and to perhaps spark an interest or an idea in you. Dedicated to my parents, and to the late great Don Featherstone (d.
) whose books introduced me to military history at a young age, this is a site for keen amateur military historians who, when visiting any particular region of the globe, like to be aware of the conflicts which have .
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