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It would potentially rule out longer-term membership of the European single market, or any future return to full EU membership. Do EU state aid laws prevent a future Labour government from introducing necessary radical reform of the British economy? We find that the effect would likely be negligible.
Developments in EU state aid law in the last few years have made it much clearer what national governments can do in terms of subsidizing domestic economic restructuring.
These legal refinements make it feasible to assess the likely potential impact of EU state aid rules on the pledges made in Labour manifesto.
Of those that could, 7 are likely to fall within block exemptions: This likely leaves only two measure which would even have to be notified: It is likely that both could be structured to be cleared. Nonetheless, the provisional analysis suggests that Labour has plenty of scope to act in these areas without any impediment from state aid rules.
In this context, it is worth noting that the UK would also have to more than triple the amount it spends on state aid to even match the proportion of GDP which Germany spends on aid. Our report also draws attention to neglected progressive effects of European state aid law in preventing multinational corporations from extracting tax and other subsidies from national governments.
Without the EU framework obliging Member States to direct scare aid resources to impoverished regions or innovation, spending would likely be even more skewed to big corporations and favoured regions. Multinationals would tour national capitals demanding greater subsidies.
Our report also offers a detailed examination of the current state of public ownership and utility regulation in the EU. Political scientists have, incorrectly, tended to accept as a given that state ownership is disappearing in the EU.
However, the reason for this may be that research has tended to consider the sale of shares as being identical to privatization. Sales of shares, however, do not mean the termination of State control. There are over companies with state ownership in the EU and the relative lack of state ownership in the UK is unusual.
What proponents of the argument that EU rules prevent nationalisation actually tend to mean is that in certain sectors EU rules prevent Member States from granting national monopolies. In many cases, however, there is a clear public interest in opening up access to public utility networks.
For example, EU rules have required national railway operators to make access available to track and other railway systems so that railways operators can piece together trans-continental freight services over the top of the patchwork of national rail track systems.
This enables rail to compete with road and air freight, which are significantly more damaging to the climate. Without the EU open access rules, rail freight would disappear as an activity within Europe.
Previously he was adviser to Labour shadow Europe and Pension ministers.
He is an EU Competition lawyer by training and has held a range of corporate and regulatory positions in the telecommunications sector.
A version of the full report will be published as an article in the forthcoming issue of Renewal: A Journal of Social Democracy.Facts and Figures: Economic Empowerment Benefits of economic empowerment. When more women work, economies grow. An increase in female labour force participation—or a reduction in the gap between women’s and men’s labour force participation—results in faster economic growth.; Evidence from a range of countries shows that increasing the share of household income controlled by women.
2. Summary of latest labour market statistics. Table 1, Figure 1a and Figure 1b show the latest estimates, for April to June , for employment, unemployment and economic inactivity and show how these estimates compare with the previous quarter (January . Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour..
Labour markets or job markets function through the interaction of workers and employers. Labour economics looks at the suppliers of labour services (workers) and the demanders of labour services (employers), and attempts to understand the resulting pattern of wages, employment, and income.
Summary of latest labour market statistics. Table 1, Figure 1a and Figure 1b show the latest estimates, for March to May , for employment, unemployment and economic inactivity and show how these estimates compare with the previous quarter (December to February ) and the previous year (March to May ).
EU law is no barrier to Labour’s economic programme. Andy Tarrant and Andrea Biondi. 22 September With Labour pursuing a more radical economic policy than it has done for many years, many voices on the left have argued that change on the scale demanded by the party manifesto would be incompatible with EU law.
Migration Advisory Committee interim update on EEA workers in the UK labour market summarising the responses from employers to a call for evidence.