Career research report

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Career research report

Raising Kids and Running a Household: As more mothers have entered the U. In economic terms, families with two full-time working parents are better off than other families.

Career research report

But as a new Pew Research Center survey shows, balancing work and family poses challenges for parents. The survey, conducted Sept.

Career research report

In households where the father works full time and the mother works part time or not at all, the distribution of labor when it comes to childcare and housekeeping is less balanced.

These moms take on more of the responsibility for parenting tasks and household chores than those who work full time. Mothers in two-parent households, regardless of work status, are more likely to report that they do more on each of the items tested in the survey than fathers are to say their spouse or partner does more.

For their part, fathers are generally more likely than mothers to say that these responsibilities are shared about equally.

While mothers and fathers offer somewhat different views of the division of labor in their household, there is general agreement about who in their family is more job- or career-focused. Differences in the responses to this question between mothers and fathers in this type of household are modest.

These differences hold even when controlling for the fact that college-educated parents are more likely to work full time.

There is also a racial gap in these attitudes. White parents are more likely than those who are non-white to say it is difficult for them to balance work and family. For working parents, attitudes toward balancing their job and their family life are highly correlated with their experiences as parents.

Three-in-ten say being a parent has made it harder for them to advance at work, and one-in-ten say being a parent has made it easier.

These overall numbers mask the disproportionate impact women say being a working parent has on their careers. Mothers are twice as likely as fathers to say being a working parent has made it harder for them to advance in their job or career.

And mothers who work part time are just as likely as those who work full time to say being a working mother has made it harder for them to move ahead in their job.

How Working Parents Share Parenting and Household Responsibilities

For working mothers who have a spouse or partner who is more focused on his job than they are, being a working parent may have more of an impact on career advancement. But for many mothers who work full time, feeling rushed is an almost constant reality.

In turn, mothers who do not work outside the home are about twice as likely as those who do to say they never feel rushed.

And among those who are married or cohabiting, mothers who work full time are more likely than other moms to say they spend too little time with their partners. At least half in each group say they spend the right amount of time with their partners, while few say they spend too much time.

Most parents who are married or living with a partner with whom they share at least one child say that, in their household, the mother does more than the father when it comes to certain tasks related to their children.

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Half say they and their partner share household chores and responsibilities about equally. The division of labor between mothers and fathers is more even when it comes to disciplining and playing or doing activities with children. In households where both parents work full time, mothers and fathers tend to share some responsibilities more equally.

Perhaps not surprisingly, in households where the father is employed full time and the mother is either not employed or is employed part time, childcare responsibilities usually fall to the mother.

Perceptions of Division of Labor Vary by Gender Mothers and fathers in two-parent households differ in their perceptions of how they split certain responsibilities.About the Data.

Findings in this report are based mainly on data from: (1) A new Pew Research Center survey conducted in October , (2) The Current Population Survey and (3) the American Time Use Survey.

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Research and compare average salaries. Free September salary information matched to your exact job profile. Find out what you are worth. About the Data. Findings in this report are based mainly on data from: (1) A new Pew Research Center survey conducted in October , (2) The Current Population .

Rutgers University Department of Physics and Astronomy