Names of Germany Roman limes and modern boundaries. The German term Deutsche originates from the Old High German word diutisc from diot "people"referring to the Germanic "language of the people". It is not clear how commonly, if at all, the word was used as an ethnonym in Old High German.
Anyone who believes that history is not merely a series of accidents might well see God's hand behind the creation of an empire that, despite all the ills of an imperial system imposed on unwilling subjects, also left a cultural, literary, legal and political legacy that binds people of different religions and races together.
Building on commercial links in the wool trade promoted during the reign of King Richard III of England, Henry established the modern English merchant marine system, which greatly expanded English shipbuilding and seafaring. The merchant fleet also supplied the basis for the mercantile institutions that would play such a crucial role in later British imperial ventures, such as the Massachusetts Bay Company and the British East India Company chartered by Henry's grand-daughter, Elizabeth I.
Henry's financial reforms made the English Exchequer solvent, which helped to underwrite the development of the Merchant Marine. Henry also ordered construction of the first English dry dock at Portsmouth, and made improvements to England's small Royal Navy.
Additionally, he sponsored the voyages of the Italian mariner John Cabot in and that established England's first overseas colony—a fishing settlement—in Newfoundland, which Cabot claimed on behalf of Henry.
Henry VIII and the rise of the Royal Navy King Henry VIII founded the modern English navy though the plans to do so were put into motion during his father's reignmore than tripling the number of warships and constructing the first large vessels with heavy, long-range guns.
He initiated the Navy's formal, centralized administrative apparatus, built new docks, and constructed the network of beacons and lighthouses that made coastal navigation much easier for English and foreign merchant sailors.
Henry established the munitions-based Royal Navy that was able to hold off the Spanish Armada in Ireland The first substantial achievements of the colonial empire stem from the Act for Kingly Title, passed by the Irish parliament in This statute converted Ireland from a lordship under the authority of the English crown to a kingdom in its own right.
It was the starting point for the Tudor re-conquest of Ireland.
By a committed policy of colonization of the country had been adopted, which culminated in the Plantation of Ulster infollowing the Nine Years War These plantations would serve as templates for the empire.
Several people involved in these projects also had a hand in the early colonization of North America, including Humphrey Walter Raleigh and Francis Drake.
The Plantations were large tracts of land granted to English and Scottish settlers, many of whom enjoyed newly created titles. The Elizabethan era Defeat of the Spanish Armada, by Philippe-Jacques de Loutherbourg During the reign of Queen Elizabeth ISir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe in the years tofleeing from the Spanishonly the second to accomplish this feat after Ferdinand Magellan's expedition.
In Drake landed somewhere in northern California and claimed what he named Nova Albion for the English Crown Albion is an ancient name for England or Britainthough the claim was not followed by settlement.
Subsequent maps spell out Nova Albion to the north of all New Spain.
England's interests outside Europe now grew steadily, promoted by John Deewho coined the phrase "British Empire. He was a Welshman, and his use of the term "British" fitted with the Welsh origins of Elizabeth's Tudor family, although his conception of empire was derived from Dante Alighieri 's book Monarchia.
Sir Humphrey Gilbert followed on Cabot's original claim when he sailed to Newfoundland in and declared it an English colony on August 5 at St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
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Both Gilbert's Newfoundland settlement and the Roanoke colony were short-lived, however, and had to be abandoned due to food shortages, severe weather, shipwrecks, and hostile encounters with indigenous tribes on the American continent.
The Elizabethan era built on the past century's imperial foundations by expanding Henry VIII 's navy, promoting Atlantic exploration by English sailors, and further encouraging maritime trade especially with the Netherlands and the Hanseatic League, a Baltic trading consortium.
The nearly twenty year Anglo-Spanish Warwhich started well for England with the sack of Cadiz and the repulse of the Spanish Armadasoon turned Spain's way with a number of serious defeats which sent the Royal Navy into decline and allowed Spain to retain effective control of the Atlantic sea lanes, thwarting English hopes of establishing colonies in North America.
However it did give English sailors and shipbuilders vital experience.together to form the powerful Hanseatic League, which was a powerful economic and political force not only in northern Germany but in most of the lands surrounding the North and Baltic seas.
Sweden: The Kalmar Union. The Hanseatic League was not so much a league of cities as it was a league of merchant associations within the cities of Northern Germany and the Baltic. Trade in the middle ages was a dangerous and risky business and the only way for merchants to protect themselves was by travelling together.
An Analysis of the Hanseatic League of Northern Germany and the Baltic Region PAGES 1. WORDS View Full Essay.
More essays like this: hanseatic league, northern germany, baltic region, teutonic order. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. hanseatic league, northern germany, baltic region.
Estonia (Estonian: Eesti ()), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country in Northern timberdesignmag.com is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden to the west (Scandinavia to the far west and north), to the south by Latvia ( km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia ( km).
42 rows · The Hanseatic League (/ Exploratory trading adventures, raids, and piracy had occurred earlier throughout the Baltic region—the sailors of Gotland sailed up rivers as far away as Novgorod, Merchants from northern Germany also stayed in the early period of the Gotlander timberdesignmag.coml: Lübeck.
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An Analysis of the Hanseatic League of Northern Germany and the Baltic Region PAGES 1. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: hanseatic league, northern germany, baltic region, teutonic order. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. hanseatic league, northern germany, baltic region. Estonia (Estonian: Eesti ()), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country in Northern timberdesignmag.com is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden to the west (Scandinavia to the far west and north), to the south by Latvia ( km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia ( km). The British Empire was known as "the empire on which the sun never sets" The British Empire was, at one time, referred to as "the empire on which the sun never sets" (a phrase previously used to describe the Spanish Empire and later to American influence in the world) because the empire's span.